2019 Year in Review Quiz
Test your topical knowledge concerning U.S. hurricanes and floods, Japan typhoons, and other storms around the world, California earthquakes, and other natural phenomena!
Correct answer: 1. Winter Storm Eberhard followed Freya/Bennet (March 3 to 5), Laura/Cornelius, and Dragi. On March 9-10 Eberhard first struck the UK, the Netherlands, and Belgium, then began impacting Germany and moved eastward to Austria, the Czech Republic, and Poland. Eleanor/Burglind and Friederike struck Europe in January 2018; Anatol, Lothar, and Martin struck Europe in December 2009; and Lorenzo was a U.S. hurricane in late September, then after undergoing extratropical transition struck Ireland and the UK.
Correct answer: 1. When the wind direction blows water away from the coast, a negative storm surge is possible and ships in port can be stranded or damaged; tropical cyclones rotate counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere because of the Coriolis effect, and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere; and warm seclusion is the mature stage of an extratropical cyclone lifecycle when, at the center of the storm, relatively warm and moist air is secluded and can exist for days.
Correct answer: 3. Cyclones Idai and Kenneth made landfall in Mozambique six weeks apart in March and April, respectively, both with the intensity of a major hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Scale (Category 3 or higher). Idai caused severe flooding, the worst in Mozambique since Cyclone Leon-Eline struck in 2000. On May 3, Cyclone Fani made landfall in Odisha state in northeastern India with an intensity equivalent to a strong Category 3 hurricane. Fani was the strongest cyclone recorded in the state since the Orissa super cyclone of 1999 (Odisha was known as Orissa state until 2011).
Correct answer: 2. Southern California was rocked by two major earthquakes only 34 hours and ~7 miles (11 km) apart when an M6.4 foreshock in the region between the Searles Valley and Ridgecrest on July 4 was quickly followed by a significantly more powerful M7.1 mainshock on July 5.
Correct answer: 4. Hurricane Barry made landfall near Intracoastal City, Louisiana, on July 13, and was notable for the record rainfall amounts it brought to the inland State of Arkansas, where the City of Dierks in Howard County received 16.17 inches of rain and surpassed its 24-hour rainfall record of 13.91 inches set in 1989 when Tropical Storm Allison impacted the area.
Correct answer: 1. St. Louis was above flood stage for 127 consecutive days this year during the spring and summer. During the Great Flood of 1993, St. Louis was above flood stage for 104 consecutive days from June 26 to October 7, although the city was above flood stage for 150 days in all that year.
Correct answer: 3. The Bahamas Building Code (BBC) was implemented in the early 1970s and its use is mandatory in building design and construction.
Correct answer: 3. Medicanes are warm core cyclonic systems that can produce severe winds and torrential rainfall. Well-developed examples can have an eye, an eyewall, and an asymmetric cloud pattern; the strongest have reached hurricane strength. At the end of September, a medicane struck Greece, causing flooding on its way to Turkey.
Correct answer: 1. The two insured Indian crop-growing seasons are kharif and rabi. Kharif season runs roughly July to October, and rabi season runs roughly October to March. Kharif begins with the first rains of the southwest monsoon whose advent varies by location— earlier in the south—and from year to year. The start of rabi also varies by location and from year to year because of temporal and spatial variation in weather. In addition, many locations in India have a third crop season between rabi and the following kharif.
Correct answer: 2. The resort town of Hakone, where 939.5 mm, or 37 inches, of precipitation was recorded, broke the calendar-day rainfall record for all of Japan. Many regions on Japan’s main island of Honshu received between 30% and 40% of their yearly rainfall in just two days from Typhoon Hagibis, with more than 100 stations breaking daily rainfall records at those locations.
Correct answer: 4. Nearly 40% of new homes in the U.S. are located within the wildland-urban interface (WUI)—the region where undeveloped wildland meets areas of human development.
Correct answer: 4. October was National Cybersecurity Awareness Month—a collaborative effort by government and industry to raise awareness about the importance of cybersecurity. This year’s campaign emphasized personal accountability and stressed the importance of taking proactive steps to enhance cybersecurity at home and in the workplace.