In August 2018, Kerala, a southern state of India, was battered with severe floods due to unusually heavy rainfall. The onset of monsoon started normally in the first week of June, followed by the heaviest rainfall between August 1 and 19. All 14 districts of the state were placed on red alert; the floods affected 5.4 million people, 1.4 million of whom were displaced and more than 400 of whom died.
The Post-Disaster Needs Assessment conducted by the UN under the leadership of the Government of Kerala estimated the total disaster effects were around INR 26,720 crore (USD 3.8 billion), exclusive of damage to private buildings, properties, hospitals/educational institutions, and vehicles, as well as Kochi airport. AIR’s damage survey investigated the effects of the 2018 Kerala floods on the types of structures that were not included in this estimate.